Every part of a person's life, relationship with their family, friends and community, can be adversely affected by alcohol consumption, resulting in a huge impact on the UK society.
The link between violations of the law, alcohol, and illicit substances is one of the risky areas when it comes to abuse of alcohol and illicit substances.
When it comes to violations like domestic abuse, drunk driving, property damage, substance abuse, and public disorder, alcohol and illicit substances are involved in an approximated 80% of the cases where the offender ends up behind bars.
The issue of alcohol and drug abuse is currently the main reason behind the huge prison populations in some countries.
The Ministry of Justice revealed that, 37% of about 2 million convicted offenders were reported to have been drinking during arrest; further alcohol is responsible for about 40% of all known violent crimes.
It was alcohol and not any other illegal drug, which was noticed to be closely associated with violent crimes, including murder, rape, assault, child and spousal abuse. The number of crimes where the victims perceive the offenders as alcohol users is up to 3 million, and available data about violent offenders and their alcohol use also shows that, more than half of the entire cases of assault and homicide happened when the victim, the offender or the duo were consuming alcohol. The offender in most cases of violent crimes will most likely be drinking alcohol than taking other drugs, except in cases of robberies.
In cases of attacks where both parties knew each other, alcohol is quite often involved. While, only about 31% of attacks from distant people are related to alcohol, more than 2/3 of cases of attack by loved ones including current and ex boyfriend, girlfriend, and spouse are due to alcohol abuse. Offenders who have been drinking are involved in approximately 500,000 offences between intimates; also, alcohol is involved in 118,000 occurrences of family aggression (excluding spouses), and also the rate of alcohol involvement in incidents among acquaintances is at 744,000.
There is a complex relationship between drugs and crime, and questions are often asked whether drug use can lead people into criminal activity or whether people who are using drugs are already predisposed to criminal activity.
In many cases criminals abstain from illegal drugs, while at times, illegal drug users commit no other form of crime. When the drug use becomes much more intense though, the use of drugs can amplify the criminality of the individual and thus the correlation between drug use and criminal activity is much greater.
When it comes to illicit substances, there are usually three kinds of drug-related law violations:
Law violations where there is material gain, such as shop lifting or housebreaking, or larceny and robbery, or other law violations meant to satisfy the habit, are the crimes that addicted individuals are mostly apprehended for. For instance, in 2004, 17% of detainees said they conferred the crime to acquire cash for medications. When it comes to boys and girls or women and men, where many of them are recognised by the criminal justice system, strong connections have been established between being exploited for or involved in prostitution and substance abuse. Sexual harassment and e corruption are closely linked to drug abuse to help individuals adjust and deal with immoral acts of drug industry.
Being the third most reported law violation, over one million individuals have been apprehended by the law for operating a vehicle while drunk in the UK. Driving under the influenze of liquor and drugs is the main source of death, damage and causes handicap to youngsters less than 21 years old. It accounts to almost 40% of all road fatalities. Report indicates liquor influenced driving causes 36 fatal deaths and around 700 accidents due to vehicle crashes. 18% of motor vehicle drunk driving deaths are attributed to drugs such as marijuana and cocaine, in some cases drug and alcohol mixed.
In 2007, as per the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, roughly one in eight drivers who drive during nighttime are tried positive for unlawful medications. One out of every eight seniors in high school responded to a study conducted in 2010 confirmed that they had been driving after smoking marijuana within two weeks earlier in the survey interview.
A lot of prescribed medications like opioid pain relievers and benzodiazepines taken for anxiety of sleep disorders come with warnings that heavy machinery, which includes automobiles, shouldn't be used for a period of time after use. Taking prescription drugs without medical supervision is a recipe for disaster when it comes to driving and heavy activities.
Four out of five young people arrested for petty offenses committed such crimes under the influence of alcohol or drugs, the positive drug test results indicated in addition to admission of the offender as having abused drug, drinking alcohol or a combination the two prior to committing the offense and subsequent arrest.
Of 2.4 million total juvenile arrests, 1.9 million had substance abuse or addiction involvement but only 68,600 of these received treatment for their substance abuse problem.
Among spousal victims, records are available to show that nearly 3 out of four incidents, which were documented were committed by an offender who had been drinking.
1999 study on women attacked by partners showed huge increase of reported cases associated to substance abuse and health related issues to be the origin of the violence. 16% of the adult females did not experience any physical violence, but for those that did, 33% of them reported some form of substance abuse.
Other members of the family are affected by domestic violence. A study which was conducted in the UKrevealed that children who witnessed the abuse of their maternal caregiver were 50% likelier to abuse drugs and/or alcohol.
The statistics shows that out of the total people encountering abusive behavior at home, liquor assumed a part in 55% of the cases, and drugs was a reason in just 9% of the cases; for spousal brutality, liquor was a consider 65% of the cases, versus 5% for medications.
Despite there being no cause for the abuse and no specific profile of the abusers the contribution of a number of factors can make abuse extremely likely to happen. Contemporary success image, alcohol and drug abuse, and society status quo put a great deal of pressure on the family which causes increased stressful negative impact on parents and children. Alcohol consumption is reported by four out ten people who abuse children.
An estimated 50% of prisoners meet the criteria for drug addiction but less the 20% of those who need treatment actually get it.
Authorities in the criminal justice framework point out that future wrongdoing can be counteracted and re-capture of offenders after release can be lowered only by providing good treatment for substance abuse. Between 60 and 80 percent of substance abusers break the law again (usually a drug-related one) and 95 percent of prisoners go back to abusing substances when they are released from prison, according to approximations.
Offenders with the problem of drug and alcohol-related offences can interrupt the criminal-justice system by utilising a method of treatment, which will prove best for their requirements. Treatment is the safest way people struggling with drug addiction stand to benefit and it research shows recovery is real. Research also indicates that law breaking behaviour reduces as substance misuse reduces as well. Correctional institutions serve to assist people struggling in life to get a grip on reality.
Treatment cuts cost down. One study showed that for every dollar spent on treatment for substance abuse, '5.60 is saved from fewer arrests, incarcerations, food stamp use, and child medical and welfare costs. As the criminal conduct diminishes as liquor and medication utilize diminish, it also go a long way in saving tax money through proper medication counteractive action and treatment.